Gakken Premium Gramophone Kit Review

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Since my first experience with digital audio recording with a Sony M1 DAT more than ten years ago I have been an avid fan of new digital audio gadgets. I even got myself a (volunteer, non-paying) gig recording a weekly chamber music series locally, which is an opportunity to spend even bigger bucks on fancy microphones and preamps. But when last year a friend gave me a 1905 Edison Standard Phonograph cylinder player, I really was in gadget heaven. No bits, no bytes, no electrons, just a wind-up motor, and audio out of a groove onto a diaphragm into a horn. And it was damn LOUD. This of course eventually led me to upgrading to my forum avatar, a 1912 Edison Opera, top of the line cylinder player, and to hang out at various internet old time phonograph chat areas, where a few months ago I learned of a kit put out by a Japanese company, Gakken, which specializes in retro tech science kits. Reports from other Victrola forum members indicated that the kit worked, both for playing records and recording, and was not too hard to assemble, even though the instructions were all in Japanese (the eBay auction site has recently added a brief English translation of the parts dealing with recording, but not assembly). So I ordered one (from eBay seller minorinminorin, $82 plus $32 shipping to US, $37 to Europe, very fast delivery), and this weekend I put it together.

The kit comes tightly packed in a surprisingly small box.

gakken gramophone kit

The parts are all sorted and sealed in clear plastic bags, and the instruction illustrations suffice to enable you to assemble it in about two hours.

gakken gramophone kit

The finished phonograph is about 16” long and a foot high.

gakken gramophone kit

The only problems I had were interpreting the illustration of the odd (but effective) way they use scotch tape to seal the horn inside, and a brief panic at the end when I had not only a few extra screws left over (which I am pretty sure are there just to compensate for normal clumsy-finger losses), but also two medium size plastic rings. There was also an odd metal tool which I never got to use. But the last three pages of the manual illustrate the use of these items: you can take apart the soundbox (using the tool and the supplied small Phillips screwdriver) and insert one or the other of the plastic rings to give the link from the soundbox to the horn a different shape. This, and recording on different materials, constitute the science experiment part of the kit. But I was happy just to crank up the motor, cut a piece of bamboo into a needle (phonograph fans call this a “fibre” needle), and let loose with Caruso (adjusting the speed to get an approximation to his tenor pitch: you can use an included strobe disc to set the speed more exactly):

gakken 4
Click on image to play video

Using a “Tungs-tone” multiplay needle or a regular steel 78rpm phono needle produces a louder sound:

gakken 5
Click on image to play video

Neither of these needles works too well with LPs, though the Premium Gramophone has the three canonical speed settings (33/45/78). The micro-grooves are too narrow for bamboo and steel will damage them. I stuck to 78s.

My only disappointment with this kit is that the two most interesting parts come fully assembled. The spring motor is all there in the baseboard (though you get to attach the small spring and the arm that controls the governor), and the soundbox is assembled as well (though you get to experiment with it to some extent).

I see that there are now two sellers of the kit on eBay. I recommend Minoru most highly, for quick problem free delivery and help with questions, even though the new seller is undercutting him by a few dollars. There are also on eBay two cheaper (and inferior) Gakken audio kits, not to mention their Sterling engine and vacuum engine car. You could get hooked.


Product Information

  • It works!
  • Super neat
  • Instructions and explanations in Japanese only
  • Not really a full graduate course in old-time audio engineering

6 thoughts on “Gakken Premium Gramophone Kit Review”

  1. Gadgeteer Comment Policy - Please read before commenting
  2. People have reported this (cutting a groove in the CD plastic), but I prefer using a bunch of red acetate Edison Voicewriter dictation disks I got cheap on eBay. Even though these were ’50s-60s products, I like the Edison connection.


  3. In this review you said:
    “The micro-grooves are too narrow for bamboo and steel will damage them. I stuck to 78s.”
    Could you please clarify a little more? I don’t know much about record players. Would you say it isn’t recommended to play recirds like the 33’s?

  4. I wouldn’t “recommend” it for music listening! It is 125 year-old technology, it’s just for fooling around and seeing what you can get it to do. It is okay for old 78rpm shellac records (I would play only up to 10″ ones), but LPs (33 1/3 rpm) are a bit large at 12″ and the grooves much smaller and harder to get to track.


  5. Ok so let me get this straight… You can’t use the steel neddles on 33’s because it will harm them, but you can’t use the bamboo needles on 33’s either because the grooves on the record are too narrow… ????????

  6. I have just constructed mine, bought from e may

    Had more or less the same experiece as above .
    the sound quality was improved by adjusting the sound box needle bar screws.
    I also added a rubber disc to stop the frint weight from rattling.
    needles I use the IM fibre needle for 78 and got a good tone.
    for the 45 i am looking to use a saphire stylus for LP availiable for early electric models.

    The tone arm on the premium is a lot lighter than the 1900 origonal so a sphire needle should be able to work… will see

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