I have been an amateur astronomer for the longest time but astrophotography has always eluded me. I never had the proper equipment and getting a dedicated CCD camera for the purpose of photographing the sun, moon and planets is prohibitively expensive. A while back, a company called Scopetronix made custom milled adapters that connected point and shoot digicams to a telescope eyepiece for eyepiece projection photography. Scopetronix went out of business last year but a new company has picked up where they left off. Just select the proper filter size and choose an adapter that includes a ring that attaches to the barrel of your smaller 1.25″ eyepiece (typically Plossls are used) and a step-up ring that connects it to your camera lens filter thread. They also carry a line of adapters for smartphones and T-adapters for different builds of dSLRs.
Here is their Samsung Galaxy S4 adapter in action!
Here are two photos I took with my Sony RX100 II of the moon and Jupiter with the eyepiece projection adapter. Click for the full-sized image!
You can get the eyepiece adapter of your choice at telescopeadapters.com! Prices vary depending on what you need.